Nurses are health workers (nakes), but not a group of medical personnel. Nurses have their own group, namely nursing staff. The word nurse (nurse) comes from the Latin, namely from the word nutrix which means to care for or maintain.
According to Kusnanto (2003), a nurse is a professional who has the ability, responsibility and authority to carry out nursing services/care at various levels of nursing services.
Wardhono (1998) defines nurses as people who have completed professional nursing education, and are given the authority to carry out their roles and functions.
According to Nisya (2013), nurses are people who care for and care for other people who have health problems.
However, in its development, the understanding of nurses is getting wider. Currently, the notion of nurses refers to their position as part of health workers who provide services to the community in a professional manner. According to the International Council of Nursing (ICN) in 1965, a nurse is someone who has completed nursing education that meets the requirements and is authorized in the country concerned to provide nursing services that are responsible for improving health, preventing disease and providing care for the sick. And we have a tool that can help you with nursing, even for babies or senior citizens you can visit in this link for further information nursing pillow Malaysia.
Main Duties and Functions of Nurses
The dependent function of the nurse, the independent function of the nurse, and the interdependent function of the nurse are all functions that nurses perform when performing their tasks.
· Independent Nursing Function
Independent functions do not rely on other functions; they are independent functions. Nurses work freely and make their own decisions as they carry out their responsibilities.
· Dependent Function for Nurses
The dependent function is the duty of nurses to carry out their tasks under the direction of another nurse or independently.
· The Interdependent Role of the Nurse
Functions that are performed in team groups that depend on one another are referred to as interdependent functions. The professional function of nursing is an autonomous function that belongs to the profession of nursing. It is the nurse’s responsibility to know the patient’s needs and help meet them.
In his theory of the discipline of the nursing process, it contains basic elements, namely patient behavior, nurse reactions and treatment actions designed for the good of the patient (Suwignyo, 2007).
Main Concepts of Nursing According to Suwignyo (2007):
· responsibilities of a nurse
The nurse’s job is to provide whatever assistance the patient requires to meet those needs. For instance, feeling secure and at ease physically while getting treatment or being watched. To help meet the patient’s demands, nurses must be aware of them. Nurses must understand their official position. Professional nurse activities are decisions made voluntarily and responsibly by nurses to serve patients. The number of routine and spontaneous tasks that nurses can perform that are not part of their job description should be decreased so that they can concentrate more on tasks that fall under their true scope of practice.
· Recognizing patient behavior
Knowing the patient’s behavior is by observing what the patient says and the nonverbal behavior shown by the patient.
· Immediate reaction
Immediate reactions include perceptions, ideas and feelings of nurses and patients. Immediate reaction is the immediate response or internal response of the nurse and the patient’s individual perception, thinking, and feeling.
· Nursing process discipline
George (in Suwignyo, 2007) defines the discipline of the nursing process as a total interaction (totally interactive) that is carried out step by step, what happens between the nurse and the patient in a certain relationship, the patient’s behavior, the nurse’s reaction to the behavior and the action to be taken, identifying patient needs to help him and to take appropriate action.
· Progress / upgrade
Improvement means growing more, the patient becomes more useful and productive.